Located at the foot of the Zărand mountains, at the intersection of important trade routes that connect Banat with Transylvania, but also on the banks of the Mureș river, being a port, Lipova had an important economic, commercial and political role, which favored its social development, reaching the Middle Ages in “ample social formations and even a special luxury”. A papal deed from 1218 mentions a salt trade center, and there is also a port on the Mureş River.
„Due to its geographical position, Lipova effectively blocked the entrance to the Mureș Valley and at the same time dominated the main access roads in this region. This explains the important place it occupies in the defense system of Timisoara Banat and Transylvania against Ottoman attacks “
“The decline of Lipova’s rank is explained and closely followed the fate of the area, which became a territory disputed by the Ottoman Porte and the Habsburgs, a destiny that was far from favoring the ascending development of the city, eventually falling to the status of a fair, a status that could not be surpassed even in the nineteenth century, with all the economic and demographic progress recorded. “